Apr 28

Lifecycle Of A Universe

The following description of the lifecycle of the universe was developed from my understanding of Particle Mutation Theory (PMT).

A key concept of PMT is the dual nature of matter.

Matter, as we observe it, has certain properties and laws.  The laws of matter are well defined and have been proven using a myriad of experiments and mathematics.

Unfortunately, our understanding of matter is limited to our observational point of view.  This is the single most compelling reason for our current stagnation with respect to technological innovation.

Fundamental particle physics isn’t so fundamental.

Many of the previous articles I have published within this website are thought experiments proving the dual nature of matter.  Given what I have theorized to be true, I am able to make assertions about the origins and future of our universe.

My goal is not to prove myself correct.  Instead, these articles are documents chronicling my journey of discovery.

I don’t have it all figured out.  There are some fundamental concepts that I’ve yet to decide upon.  For example, I am not sure if a component of matter is responsible for the “mutational” nature of matter.  Nonetheless, based on my high level understanding of matter I am able to derive possible outcomes such as the life cycle of our universe.

The universe has three periods; they are: rapid expansion, stagnation and deflation.

The best way to explain this lifecycle is using an analogy of a balloon.

During the rapid expansion period the balloon is expanding.  There is a release of energy/plasma from a source of origin which causes space-time to come into existence.  This newly formed universe is made of plasma that pushes at the boundaries of the balloon thereby forcing it to expand rapidly.  As the plasma diffuses it cools and matter comes to be.

Take a look at the bullet points for the “rapid expansion” period.

RAPID EXPANSION PERIOD

  • Big Bang
  • Plasma to particles
  • Cosmic filaments  form a latticework
  • Material Clumping (Black Holes, Pulsars, Quasars, White Dwarfs, Galaxies, Globular Clusters etc)

Researchers have uncovered cosmic filaments forming a type of latticework or scaffold in the universe.  Many galaxies appear to clump around these filaments.  There is a correlation between these cosmic filaments and quasars.

These clumps of matter give stability and structure to the universe.  Moreover, it is my belief that any object of significant mass, like Quasars, Neutron Stars, White Dwarf’s and Black Holes ‘enhance’ the structure of the universe through a gravitational mechanism that has yet to be discovered.

Our balloon is expanding in size and we see a latticework of marbles within it.  As more and more marbles form the expansion of the universe increases.  That’s why this period is described as the rapid expansion period.

The balloon appears to enlarge faster than the air being added to it.  Strange right?

What you cannot see is the effect the marbles have on the size of the balloon.  These marbles create their own gravity wave.

The problem most scientists have with gravity is its relationship with mass.  They don’t realize that gravity is not only a product of mass.  Instead, gravity waves can be created through manipulation of matter, or in this case, particle mutation.

Gravity in the period of rapid expansion -balloon and marbles- must be observed as gravity within gravity.

Consider a pebble dropping into a pond.  From the point of impact we see a ripple across the surface of the pond emanating outward as concentric rings.  There are troughs and peaks creating wave-like patterns.

The initial pebble dropping represents an object warping space and time exactly the way Albert Einstein predicted.

Now drop a second pebble elsewhere into the pond.  Another concentric wave-like pattern forms.  At times the first wave adds to the second wave increasing the height of the trough or peak, but at other times the two cancel each other out.

In terms of our balloon example, the volume of the balloon expands at a rate greater than the volume of air blown into it.  Its expansion will appear to be accelerating faster than can be explained.

This is exactly what is occurring within our own universe.  There appears to be more gravity in some locations than can be observed and this gravity is causing the rapid expansion of the universe.

Hold on a second!

You thought there was missing mass not gravity, right?

This missing mass has been called, Dark Matter and Dark Energy.

Scientists believe there is missing mass because it is the only mechanism by which to explain gravity.   That’s why Dark Matter and Dark Energy is a theoretical thing.  PMT dispels the need for Dark Matter because it concludes gravity is also a byproduct of mutated matter.

Is matter actually matter if you are  unable to observe it?

In the observable universe it is impossible to see mutated matter but you can see its effect.  The problem is there can be no mathematical equations to define mutated matter since it exists outside our observable universe.

Particle physics doesn’t explain matter outside its current state or its observable state.  This is likely why many constants are required to explain the variations in mathematics with respect to size and scope.

PMT is the first step to understanding the true nature of matter in its entirety.  At most we understand half of matter, and over time, we may come to realize that matter as observed within the universe accounts for less than half its characteristics.

In the case of black holes we have matter that is lost to us.  The matter is there but we cannot see it.  Its mass is conserved.  But what does it become?  Much like bombarding elements in a nuclear reactor during fission, mass and energy are converted to create heavier elements and byproducts.  So too matter undergoes a transformation when compacted to unthinkable dimensions.

PMT asserts we are undergoing a period of inflation not because of Dark Matter or Dark Energy but because of the effects of mutated matter.

The formation of super massive objects will continue to see an expansion of the universe.  This process will continue until there are no new super massive objects forming.  This does not include the formation of super massive objects with each other.

Inflation stops when there are no new marbles forming within the balloon.  Marbles may combine and grow by the sum of their parts but their total volume within the balloon will not change.  At this point we will witness the end of rapid inflation. Welcome stagnation!

Stagnation Period

  • Diffusing matter (matter moving away from itself) a Quieting Phase
  • the cosmic latticework acts like a scaffold propping the universe but isn’t increasing in size
 

Let’s turn our attention to the second picture on the image below.  Here we have a balloon that is full of marbles.  Remember the marbles represent the cosmic filaments.  In the stagnation period of the universe we do not have the formation of new filaments.  What we have is there and that’s it.

Marbles may combine but do not affect the size of the universe.  We have essentially reached a state of equilibrium.  At this time matter is spread out and diffuse; we do not have star formation, and all stars have reached the end of their lifecycles.

Without active star formation the universe becomes barren unable to reproduce.  Space-Time ceases to expand and will appear to remain constant for a very long time.

Keep in mind the amount of time required to reach the stagnation period is unimaginably long.  All star formation clouds have given birth to stars and witnessed their lifecycles, or the expansion of the universe progressed to the point where matter is so significantly diffused star formation is unavailable.

When the stagnation period is reached the universe will be so large the cosmic filaments will appear different than they do today.  Much like a spiders web, viewing them will be difficult.  Unfortunately at this period we may not see them at all.

Zoomed out view of a spiders web. Indicative of observations made during the rapid expansion period
Zoomed in view of a spiders web. Indicative of observations made during the stagnation period

Given the stretching of Space-Time any one observers field of view will account for a smaller and smaller cross-section of any one filament.  It will be hard to extrapolate what lies beyond our field of view.

If one were to focus in on a spider web and see a portion of a single branch how is one to surmise it represents an array of parallel and perpendicular strands?

They wouldn’t.

Neither would an observer be able to step away from the universe and see the grand scale of the filaments, not unless they existed outside of our universe.

On the other hand, the filaments during this period is the backbone for the universe.  It will be the structure that holds the universe as it is.  Not until the filaments degrade will we see a change in the size of the universe.

As the filaments degrade we will enter the deflation period.

Deflation Period

Looking at the image the deflation period is shown in the third image.  As super-massive objects like black holes evaporate the strength of the filaments decreases.  As the filaments disappear the universe will not be able to maintain its size and begin to deflate.

The third balloon in the image below shows holes and intrusions into the balloon. What that represents is a shrinking universe unable to maintain is shape and size.

Deflations is not likely to be uniform.  The balloon will not be a perfect sphere or oval.  In addition there won’t be a steady and constant deflation.  Deflation will occur in spurts followed by intervals of consistency.

Matter that is not trapped in super-massive objects will come in closer contact with these objects and fuel them but due to the diffusion of matter the amount of material feeding is less than what can be observed during the previous period.  This feeding will prolong the deflation period slightly.

Have a look at the processes during the deflation period.

  • as Black Holes evaporate the latticework diminishes and the universe deflates
  • remaining matter is consolidated within massive objects
  • at a variable point, when most or all black holes have evaporated, and the universe is almost completely deflated, a big bang will ensue
  • return to the beginning of this process

How do we get a big bang from nothing?

Great question.

Didn’t “THEE” Big Bang come from nothing?

I’m sorry I answered a question with a question.  I couldn’t help myself.  With everything we know about the beginning of the universe it all hinges on the acceptance that a big bang came from nothing.  So if the start of the universe had a big bang why can’t the end of the universe start with a big bang?

On that note, perhaps the start wasn’t a start at all but the end of a previous universe.

Let’s go back to the image of the three periods of the universe lifecycle.  The last period blends into the first period.  Thus, it is entirely possible the big bang represents an end of a universe and a start of a new universe.

This may well have been a process that has played out dozens of times already.  Maybe millions of universes were born and died before the one we currently know.

Not convinced?

How could that be possible?

I am going to use another analogy.

Let’s consider our Sun.  Our Sun has solar flares.  Solar flares are magnetic lines of energy escaping from the service of the star.  It loops itself well above the surface of the Sun; rising high, bending itself crashing back where it originated.

The lifecycle of the universe is like a solar flare.  There is a beginning, middle and end.

If we were to attribute distance from the Sun of the solar flare to an expanding universe the first third of the loop in the image above would be a rapid expansion period.  The crest of the flare is described by the stagnation period.  Finally the last third of the loop is the deflation period.

We aren’t talking about a star!

Interestingly because PMT hints at a process that leads to this cyclical nature of the universe, it also hints at the existance of what may exists beyond our universe.

An origin of “plasma” and gravity can be predicted. 

As of the writing of this article physicists do not understand the force that causes gravity.  Perhaps that force is the origin?

Concluding Remarks

I understand how crazy all if this sounds, especially if you come from a scientific point of view. Science is about observation and in the case of physics, backing those observations with mathematics.

I get that.

Not to mention the difficulty in comprehending how a source or origin of something that exists outside of our space-time can possibly be the cause of gravity within our universe.

All of that seems fantastic and less within the realm of science and more within the realm of magic.

I get that too.

But this is why the concept of Particle Mutation is important. Much like Supersymmetry, PMT acknowledges a dual nature of matter, and in this comparison gravity effects are linked to specific conditions of matter.

What we observe is but one side of a “supersymmetric” relationship of matter that extends beyond our universe.

About the Author:

Founder & CEO of Bizstim Software Solutions. Particle Physics Enthusiast. My Particle Mutation Theory (PMT) is capable of bridging the knowledge gap between quantum physics and general relativity. This website is designed to provide thought experiments that can be used to prove the validity of PMT. Prove me wrong if you can!

1 comment

  1. Christopher Binns

    This article was published on April 27, 2020

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